Radioactive dating uranium
The boat of a pharaoh was discovered in a sealed crypt and reassembled in a museum near the pyramids (see Fig. The age of our galaxy and earth also can be estimated using radioactive dating.Using the decays of uranium and thorium, our galaxy has been found to be between 10 and 20 billion years old and the earth has been found to be 4.6 billion years old. Within experimental error, this estimate agrees with the 15 billion year estimate of the age of the Universe.
The half-lives of the cascade from uranium-235 to lead-207 has been been extrapolated to about 704 million years and the cascade form uranium-238 to lead-206 has been calculated to about 4.47 billion years.
Of all the isotopic dating methods in use today, the uranium-lead method is the oldest and, when done carefully, the most reliable.
Unlike any other method, uranium-lead has a natural cross-check built into it that shows when nature has tampered with the evidence.
This decay process leads to a more balanced nucleus and when the number of protons and neutrons balance, the atom becomes stable.
This radioactivity can be used for dating, since a radioactive 'parent' element decays into a stable 'daughter' element at a constant rate.